The Code of
Laws 101 - 150
101. If there are no mercantile
arrangements in the place whither he went, he shall leave the entire amount
of money which he received with the broker to give to the merchant.
102. If a merchant entrust
money to an agent (broker) for some investment, and the broker suffer
a loss in the place to which he goes, he shall make good the capital to
103. If, while on the journey,
an enemy take away from him anything that he had, the broker shall swear
by God and be free of obligation.
104. If a merchant give an
agent corn, wool, oil, or any other goods to transport, the agent shall
give a receipt for the amount, and compensate the merchant therefor. Then
he shall obtain a receipt from the merchant for the money that he gives
105. If the agent is careless,
and does not take a receipt for the money which he gave the merchant,
he can not consider the unreceipted money as his own.
106. If the agent accept
money from the merchant, but have a quarrel with the merchant (denying
the receipt), then shall the merchant swear before God and witnesses that
he has given this money to the agent, and the agent shall pay him three
times the sum.
107. If the merchant cheat
the agent, in that as the latter has returned to him all that had been
given him, but the merchant denies the receipt of what had been returned
to him, then shall this agent convict the merchant before God and the
judges, and if he still deny receiving what the agent had given him shall
pay six times the sum to the agent.
108. If a tavern-keeper (feminine)
does not accept corn according to gross weight in payment of drink, but
takes money, and the price of the drink is less than that of the corn,
she shall be convicted and thrown into the water.
109. If conspirators meet
in the house of a tavern-keeper, and these conspirators are not captured
and delivered to the court, the tavern-keeper shall be put to death.
110. If a "sister of
a god" open a tavern, or enter a tavern to drink, then shall this
woman be burned to death.
111. If an inn-keeper furnish
sixty ka of usakani-drink to . . . she shall receive fifty ka of corn
at the harvest.
112. If any one be on a journey
and entrust silver, gold, precious stones, or any movable property to
another, and wish to recover it from him; if the latter do not bring all
of the property to the appointed place, but appropriate it to his own
use, then shall this man, who did not bring the property to hand it over,
be convicted, and he shall pay fivefold for all that had been entrusted
113. If any one have consignment
of corn or money, and he take from the granary or box without the knowledge
of the owner, then shall he who took corn without the knowledge of the
owner out of the granary or money out of the box be legally convicted,
and repay the corn he has taken. And he shall lose whatever commission
was paid to him, or due him.
114. If a man have no claim
on another for corn and money, and try to demand it by force, he shall
pay one-third of a mina of silver in every case.
115. If any one have a claim
for corn or money upon another and imprison him; if the prisoner die in
prison a natural death, the case shall go no further.
116. If the prisoner die
in prison from blows or maltreatment, the master of the prisoner shall
convict the merchant before the judge. If he was a free-born man, the
son of the merchant shall be put to death; if it was a slave, he shall
pay one-third of a mina of gold, and all that the master of the prisoner
gave he shall forfeit.
117. If any one fail to meet
a claim for debt, and sell himself, his wife, his son, and daughter for
money or give them away to forced labor: they shall work for three years
in the house of the man who bought them, or the proprietor, and in the
fourth year they shall be set free.
118. If he give a male or
female slave away for forced labor, and the merchant sublease them, or
sell them for money, no objection can be raised.
119. If any one fail to meet
a claim for debt, and he sell the maid servant who has borne him children,
for money, the money which the merchant has paid shall be repaid to him
by the owner of the slave and she shall be freed.
120. If any one store corn
for safe keeping in another person's house, and any harm happen to the
corn in storage, or if the owner of the house open the granary and take
some of the corn, or if especially he deny that the corn was stored in
his house: then the owner of the corn shall claim his corn before God
(on oath), and the owner of the house shall pay its owner for all of the
corn that he took.
121. If any one store corn
in another man's house he shall pay him storage at the rate of one gur
for every five ka of corn per year.
122. If any one give another
silver, gold, or anything else to keep, he shall show everything to some
witness, draw up a contract, and then hand it over for safe keeping.
123. If he turn it over for
safe keeping without witness or contract, and if he to whom it was given
deny it, then he has no legitimate claim.
124. If any one deliver silver,
gold, or anything else to another for safe keeping, before a witness,
but he deny it, he shall be brought before a judge, and all that he has
denied he shall pay in full.
125. If any one place his
property with another for safe keeping, and there, either through thieves
or robbers, his property and the property of the other man be lost, the
owner of the house, through whose neglect the loss took place, shall compensate
the owner for all that was given to him in charge. But the owner of the
house shall try to follow up and recover his property, and take it away
from the thief.
126. If any one who has not
lost his goods state that they have been lost, and make false claims:
if he claim his goods and amount of injury before God, even though he
has not lost them, he shall be fully compensated for all his loss claimed.
(I.e., the oath is all that is needed.)
127. If any one "point
the finger" (slander) at a sister of a god or the wife of any one,
and can not prove it, this man shall be taken before the judges and his
brow shall be marked (by cutting the skin, or perhaps hair.)
128. If a man take a woman
to wife, but have no intercourse with her, this woman is no wife to him.
129. If a man's wife be surprised
(in flagrante delicto) with another man, both shall be tied and thrown
into the water, but the husband may pardon his wife and the king his slaves.
130. If a man violate the
wife (betrothed or child-wife) of another man, who has never known a man,
and still lives in her father's house, and sleep with her and be surprised,
this man shall be put to death, but the wife is blameless.
131. If a man bring a charge
against one's wife, but she is not surprised with another man, she must
take an oath and then may return to her house.
132. If the "finger
is pointed" at a man's wife about another man, but she is not caught
sleeping with the other man, she shall jump into the river for her husband.
133. If a man is taken prisoner
in war, and there is a sustenance in his house, but his wife leave house
and court, and go to another house: because this wife did not keep her
court, and went to another house, she shall be judicially condemned and
thrown into the water.
134. If any one be captured
in war and there is not sustenance in his house, if then his wife go to
another house this woman shall be held blameless.
135. If a man be taken prisoner
in war and there be no sustenance in his house and his wife go to another
house and bear children; and if later her husband return and come to his
home: then this wife shall return to her husband, but the children follow
136. If any one leave his
house, run away, and then his wife go to another house, if then he return,
and wishes to take his wife back: because he fled from his home and ran
away, the wife of this runaway shall not return to her husband.
137. If a man wish to separate
from a woman who has borne him children, or from his wife who has borne
him children: then he shall give that wife her dowry, and a part of the
usufruct of field, garden, and property, so that she can rear her children.
When she has brought up her children, a portion of all that is given to
the children, equal as that of one son, shall be given to her. She may
then marry the man of her heart.
138. If a man wishes to separate
from his wife who has borne him no children, he shall give her the amount
of her purchase money and the dowry which she brought from her father's
house, and let her go.
139. If there was no purchase
price he shall give her one mina of gold as a gift of release.
140. If he be a freed man
he shall give her one-third of a mina of gold.
141. If a man's wife, who
lives in his house, wishes to leave it, plunges into debt, tries to ruin
her house, neglects her husband, and is judicially convicted: if her husband
offer her release, she may go on her way, and he gives her nothing as
a gift of release. If her husband does not wish to release her, and if
he take another wife, she shall remain as servant in her husband's house.
142. If a woman quarrel with
her husband, and say: "You are not congenial to me," the reasons
for her prejudice must be presented. If she is guiltless, and there is
no fault on her part, but he leaves and neglects her, then no guilt attaches
to this woman, she shall take her dowry and go back to her father's house.
143. .If she have not been
a careful mistress, have gadded about, have neglected her house and have
belittled her husband, that woman shall be thrown into the water.
144. If a man take a wife
and this woman give her husband a maid-servant, and she bear him children,
but this man wishes to take another wife, this shall not be permitted
to him; he shall not take a second wife.
145. If a man take a wife,
and she bear him no children, and he intend to take another wife: if he
take this second wife, and bring her into the house, this second wife
shall not be allowed equality with his wife.
146. If a man take a wife
and she give this man a maid-servant as wife and she bear him children,
and then this maid assume equality with the wife: because she has borne
him children her master shall not sell her for money, but he may keep
her as a slave, reckoning her among the maid-servants.
147. If she have not borne
him children, then her mistress may sell her for money.
148. If a man take a wife,
and she be seized by disease, if he then desire to take a second wife
he shall not put away his wife, who has been attacked by disease, but
he shall keep her in the house which he has built and support her so long
as she lives.
149. If this woman does not
wish to remain in her husband's house, then he shall compensate her for
the dowry that she brought with her from her father's house, and she may
150. If a man give his wife
a field, garden, and house and a deed therefor, if then after the death
of her husband the sons raise no claim, then the mother may bequeath all
to one of her sons whom she prefers, and need leave nothing to his brothers.