The Code of
Law 201- 250
201. If he knock out the
teeth of a freed man, he shall pay one-third of a gold mina.
202. If any one strike the
body of a man higher in rank than he, he shall receive sixty blows with
an ox-whip in public.
203. If a free-born man strike
the body of another free-born man or equal rank, he shall pay one gold
204. If a freed man strike
the body of another freed man, he shall pay ten shekels in money.
205. If the slave of a freed
man strike the body of a freed man, his ear shall be cut off.
206. If during a quarrel
one man strike another and wound him, then he shall swear, "I did
not injure him wittingly," and pay the physicians.
207. If the man die of his
wound, he shall swear similarly, and if he (the deceased) was a free-born
man, he shall pay half a mina in money.
208. If he was a freed man,
he shall pay one-third of a mina.
209. If a man strike a free-born
woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for
210. If the woman die, his
daughter shall be put to death.
211. If a woman of the free
class lose her child by a blow, he shall pay five shekels in money.
212. If this woman die, he
shall pay half a mina.
213. If he strike the maid-servant
of a man, and she lose her child, he shall pay two shekels in money.
214. If this maid-servant
die, he shall pay one-third of a mina.
215. If a physician make
a large incision with an operating knife and cure it, or if he open a
tumor (over the eye) with an operating knife, and saves the eye, he shall
receive ten shekels in money.
216. If the patient be a
freed man, he receives five shekels.
217. If he be the slave of
some one, his owner shall give the physician two shekels.
218. If a physician make
a large incision with the operating knife, and kill him, or open a tumor
with the operating knife, and cut out the eye, his hands shall be cut
219. If a physician make
a large incision in the slave of a freed man, and kill him, he shall replace
the slave with another slave.
220. If he had opened a tumor
with the operating knife, and put out his eye, he shall pay half his value.
221. If a physician heal
the broken bone or diseased soft part of a man, the patient shall pay
the physician five shekels in money.
222. If he were a freed man
he shall pay three shekels.
223. If he were a slave his
owner shall pay the physician two shekels.
224. If a veterinary surgeon
perform a serious operation on an ass or an ox, and cure it, the owner
shall pay the surgeon one-sixth of a shekel as a fee.
225. If he perform a serious
operation on an ass or ox, and kill it, he shall pay the owner one-fourth
of its value.
226. If a barber, without
the knowledge of his master, cut the sign of a slave on a slave not to
be sold, the hands of this barber shall be cut off.
227. If any one deceive a
barber, and have him mark a slave not for sale with the sign of a slave,
he shall be put to death, and buried in his house. The barber shall swear:
"I did not mark him wittingly," and shall be guiltless.
228. If a builder build a
house for some one and complete it, he shall give him a fee of two shekels
in money for each sar of surface.
229. If a builder build a
house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house
which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder shall be
put to death.
230. If it kill the son of
the owner the son of that builder shall be put to death.
231. If it kill a slave of
the owner, then he shall pay slave for slave to the owner of the house.
232. If it ruin goods, he
shall make compensation for all that has been ruined, and inasmuch as
he did not construct properly this house which he built and it fell, he
shall re-erect the house from his own means.
233. If a builder build a
house for some one, even though he has not yet completed it; if then the
walls seem toppling, the builder must make the walls solid from his own
234. If a shipbuilder build
a boat of sixty gur for a man, he shall pay him a fee of two shekels in
235. If a shipbuilder build
a boat for some one, and do not make it tight, if during that same year
that boat is sent away and suffers injury, the shipbuilder shall take
the boat apart and put it together tight at his own expense. The tight
boat he shall give to the boat owner.
236. If a man rent his boat
to a sailor, and the sailor is careless, and the boat is wrecked or goes
aground, the sailor shall give the owner of the boat another boat as compensation.
237. If a man hire a sailor
and his boat, and provide it with corn, clothing, oil and dates, and other
things of the kind needed for fitting it: if the sailor is careless, the
boat is wrecked, and its contents ruined, then the sailor shall compensate
for the boat which was wrecked and all in it that he ruined.
238. If a sailor wreck any
one's ship, but saves it, he shall pay the half of its value in money.
239. If a man hire a sailor,
he shall pay him six gur of corn per year.
240. If a merchantman run
against a ferryboat, and wreck it, the master of the ship that was wrecked
shall seek justice before God; the master of the merchantman, which wrecked
the ferryboat, must compensate the owner for the boat and all that he
241. If any one impresses
an ox for forced labor, he shall pay one-third of a mina in money.
242. If any one hire oxen
for a year, he shall pay four gur of corn for plow-oxen.
243. As rent of herd cattle
he shall pay three gur of corn to the owner.
244. If any one hire an ox
or an ass, and a lion kill it in the field, the loss is upon its owner.
245. If any one hire oxen,
and kill them by bad treatment or blows, he shall compensate the owner,
oxen for oxen.
246. If a man hire an ox,
and he break its leg or cut the ligament of its neck, he shall compensate
the owner with ox for ox.
247. If any one hire an ox, and
put out its eye, he shall pay the owner one-half of its value.
248. If any one hire an ox,
and break off a horn, or cut off its tail, or hurt its muzzle, he shall
pay one-fourth of its value in money.
249. If any one hire an ox,
and God strike it that it die, the man who hired it shall swear by God
and be considered guiltless.
250. If while an ox is passing
on the street (market) some one push it, and kill it, the owner can set
up no claim in the suit (against the hirer).