The Code of
Laws 251 - 282
251. If an ox be a goring
ox, and it shown that he is a gorer, and he do not bind his horns, or
fasten the ox up, and the ox gore a free-born man and kill him, the owner
shall pay one-half a mina in money.
252. If he kill a man's slave,
he shall pay one-third of a mina.
253. If any one agree with
another to tend his field, give him seed, entrust a yoke of oxen to him,
and bind him to cultivate the field, if he steal the corn or plants, and
take them for himself, his hands shall be hewn off.
254. If he take the seed-corn
for himself, and do not use the yoke of oxen, he shall compensate him
for the amount of the seed-corn.
255. If he sublet the man's
yoke of oxen or steal the seed-corn, planting nothing in the field, he
shall be convicted, and for each one hundred gan he shall pay sixty gur
256. If his community will
not pay for him, then he shall be placed in that field with the cattle
257. If any one hire a field
laborer, he shall pay him eight gur of corn per year.
258. If any one hire an ox-driver,
he shall pay him six gur of corn per year.
259. If any one steal a water-wheel
from the field, he shall pay five shekels in money to its owner.
260. If any one steal a shadduf
(used to draw water from the river or canal) or a plow, he shall pay three
shekels in money.
261. If any one hire a herdsman
for cattle or sheep, he shall pay him eight gur of corn per annum.
262. If any one, a cow or
a sheep . . .
263. If he kill the cattle
or sheep that were given to him, he shall compensate the owner with cattle
for cattle and sheep for sheep.
264. If a herdsman, to whom
cattle or sheep have been entrusted for watching over, and who has received
his wages as agreed upon, and is satisfied, diminish the number of the
cattle or sheep, or make the increase by birth less, he shall make good
the increase or profit which was lost in the terms of settlement.
265. If a herdsman, to whose
care cattle or sheep have been entrusted, be guilty of fraud and make
false returns of the natural increase, or sell them for money, then shall
he be convicted and pay the owner ten times the loss.
266. If the animal be killed
in the stable by God (an accident), or if a lion kill it, the herdsman
shall declare his innocence before God, and the accident in the stable.
267. If the herdsman overlook
something, and an accident happen in the stable, then the herdsman is
at fault for the accident which he has caused in the stable, and he must
compensate the owner for the cattle or sheep.
268. If any one hire an ox
for threshing, the amount of the hire is twenty ka of corn.
269. If he hire an ass for
threshing, the hire is twenty ka of corn.
270. If he hire a young animal
for threshing, the hire is ten ka of corn.
271. If any one hire oxen,
cart and driver, he shall pay one hundred and eighty ka of corn per day.
272. If any one hire a cart
alone, he shall pay forty ka of corn per day.
273. If any one hire a day
laborer, he shall pay him from the New Year until the fifth month (April
to August, when days are long and the work hard) six gerahs in money per
day; from the sixth month to the end of the year he shall give him five
gerahs per day.
274. If any one hire a skilled
artisan, he shall pay as wages of the . . . five gerahs, as wages of the
potter five gerahs, of a tailor five gerahs, of . . . gerahs, . . . of
a rope maker four gerahs, of . . . gerahs, of a mason . . . gerahs per
275. If any one hire a ferryboat,
he shall pay three gerahs in money per day.
276. If he hire a freight-boat,
he shall pay two and one-half gerahs per day.
277. If any one hire a ship
of sixty gur, he shall pay one-sixth of a shekel in money as its hire
278. If any one buy a male
or female slave, and before a month has elapsed the benu-disease be developed,
he shall return the slave to the seller, and receive the money which he
279. If any one by a male
or female slave, and a third party claim it, the seller is liable for
280. If while in a foreign
country a man buy a male or female slave belonging to another of his own
country; if when he return home the owner of the male or female slave
recognize it: if the male or female slave be a native of the country,
he shall give them back without any money.
281. If they are from another
country, the buyer shall declare the amount of money paid therefor to
the merchant, and keep the male or female slave.
282. If a slave say to his
master: "You are not my master," if they convict him his master
shall cut off his ear.