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Art Vocabulary

Abstract Style of Drawing.....a style of art characterized by geometric qualities. It does not depict an object as you would see it in the natural world.

Aesthetics.....Big word that means beauty. Realism enhances aesthetics. That means if you make your artwork look more lifelike, you're goint to make it more beautiful.

Analogous Colors.....Neighboring Colors on the Color Wheel, like yellow, yellow-orange and orange. I tell students to remember the first two letters AN. A for Analogous and N for Neighbors.

Baren.....a tool used in printmaking for pressing the paper into the the inked linoleum

Baseline.....horizon

Blind Contour Drawings.....a drawing practice where students focus on looking at the shape (contour) of an object. In this case, students draw the object without ever looking at the paper until the drawing is complete. If the drawing looks good, the kids are cheating.

Brayer.....a tool used in printmaking for applying printer's ink to the linoleum surface.

Collage.....an artistic composition made of materials glued on a surface. The term comes from the French word coller which means to glue.

Complementary Colors.....Opposite Colors on the Color Wheel, like red and green. I tell students to remember the first two letters CO. C for Complementary and O for Opposite.

Complexity.....the quality of being intricate or complicated

Contour Drawings.....a drawing practice where students focus on looking at the shape (contour) of an object without restriction. They may look at the object and their drawing as much as possible.

Contrast.....to show a difference when compared. In art, you want to have dark areas next to light area. Contrast causes the eye to move across the page.

Cool Colors.....Cool colors are the colors of ice - blue, purple and green. Okay, nobody wants green ice, but you get the idea.

Cross-Hatching.....an inking technique using intersecting lines. The darker you want the area, the more intersecting lines are needed. The lighter you want the area, the fewer intersecting lines are used.

Cubism.....a style of art developed by Picasso and Braque in the early 1900's. Objects were reduced to abstract, geometrical planes.

Distortion.....to twist, warp, buckle or distort. When making Masterpiece distortions, the shape is changed however the student wants to alter the work.

Domination.....making one object stand out in a drawing. You don't want everything the same. Something must stand out (be dominate) while other things are less important (be subordinate).

Elements of Art.....the tools an artist uses. They include Line, Shape, Form, Texture, Value, Space and Color.

Emphasis.....making one object stand out by using size, shape, color or positioning

Flat Style of Drawing.....a style of art where the focus is placed on shape, but not volume or depth. I use this style when creating projects with cut out.

Form.....shapes with three dimensions. The 5 basic forms are sphere, cone, cylinder, cube and pyramid.

Gesture Drawings.....a drawing practice where students focus capturing the moment. They are done quickly so most people can't create any work to be proud of. Drawings range from 30 seconds to five minutes. After doing several 30 second and minute drawings, it is amazing how long five minutes is with this practice.

Grid.....a framework of parallel lines creating several boxes. I place this framework over photos that I want to enlarge or reduce. You observe the reproduction one box at a time instead of looking at the entire object.

Harmony.....The use of rhythm or repetition of a shape, line, object, or motif.

Hatching.....an inking technique using parallel lines. The darker you want the area, the more parallel lines are needed. The lighter you want the area, the fewer parallel lines are used.

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